Motherland of the reformation
When Martin Luther was born on 10 November 1483, Saxony was at the height of its power. Since 1464, Elector Ernst and his brother Albert had together been ruling the most powerful country in the centre of the Holy German Empire. But just two years after Luther´s birth, Ernst and Albert made the biggest mistake in Saxony´s history: they split up the land. The ruling Wettin dynasty was divided into two lines, the Ernestine and Albertine. Now there were two countries with the name Saxony, the Electorate and the Duchy, and it was the sons of Ernst and Albert who played the most important, albeit different, roles in the life of Martin Luther and of the course of the Reformation. While the ducal Albertines had taken the electoral dignity off the Ernestines, their strongly augmented Saxony, which by then also comprised Torgau and Wittenberg. The "Mother of Reformation”, had the leading role among the Protestant regions of Germany for a very long time and made for the consolidation and advancement of the Reformation. At the end of the 16th century, Saxony had already been given the honorary title "Motherland of Reformation”, an legacy to which also the current federal state declares itself. Saxony celebrates 500 years of Reformation. Celebrate with us!